The number of parents failing to seek financial advice before lending money to their children to buy a property is dramatically high, a report by the London School of Economics (LSE) has revealed.
The report showed only 8 per cent of parents who gave money to a child for a deposit sought advice from a financial adviser, while only 14 per cent took legal advice.
Of those that helped children with mortgage payments, only 14 per cent took financial advice, while only 12 per cent got legal advice.
LSE, which surveyed 1,066 respondents representing a wide cross-section of depositor and mortgage members, including customers of Family Building Society, stated parents and children must be more business-like when money is given to get on the property ladder.
The LSE stated despite the ‘Bank of Mum and Dad’ now being the sixth largest lender, there are usually no written record of transactions or arrangements for repayment.
LSE’s report also warned that families are failing to make clear whether the money is a loan or a gift.
Mark Bogard, chief executive of Family Building Society, said failing to carry out basic planning and documentation can store up a host of problems if things go wrong.
Mr Bogard said: “Things such as the break-up of relationships, the death of one or both parents, or the need for parents to contribute to care costs in future, all need to be considered. So do the requirements of the taxman.”
The survey showed the median parental contribution was £30,000, while the mean was much higher at £59,200 in the higher-cost areas of London and the south east.
Mean contributions have more than doubled in the last two decades, from £31,300 reported by respondents who provided help in the 1990s to £68,700 for contributions since 2010, according to LSE.
Most of the transactions involved parents giving or lending money to their adult children; about half of the transactions were for deposits on house purchases, with the remainder used for mortgage payments, stamp duty and legal costs.
Two thirds (68 per cent) of assisted transactions were first-time buys, while 27 per cent were second or subsequent purchases.
Relatively few who offer financial help will channel it through a specialist financial product such as a family or guarantor mortgage, or a joint mortgage, even though such products can be advantageous for both parties, LSE reported.
Of the 11 per cent that said they had supported a family member’s mortgage, 3 per cent acted as a mortgage guarantor, while 2 per cent had taken out some kind of family-assistance mortgage (where a proportion of the mortgage loan is secured on the parents’ house, or where the parents deposit a sum of money with the lender).
Just 1 per cent mentioned a joint mortgage.
Some interviewees, including both customers and professional stakeholders, were concerned family parental help could be fuelling house price inflation – although financial intermediaries saw the effect on property prices as small.
A number of respondents saw the need for parental help as a symptom of broader-based problems in the housing market.
They identified shortage of housing supply as a fundamental problem, LSE stated.
Nicholas Morrey, product technical manager at John Charcol, said parents should ensure any money they give is legally classified as a gift if not being repaid back.
“This way, they can legally declare no interest is being charged and that they have no interest in the property,” he said.
He added there was a shortage of lenders offering guarantor mortgages, although there had been an increase in joint borrower sole proprietor mortgages, where the parents are put on the mortgage, but not on the title deeds.
Greg Cunnington, director of lender relationships and new homes at Alexander Hall, said his firm had seen the importance of the ‘Bank of Mum and Dad’ in helping first-time buyers in particular get onto the property ladder.
He said: “Lenders have shown some real innovation in this space in recent years, with various lenders now in the later life lending space, as an example, helping parents who want to remortgage to release equity to pass to their children to get on the ladder.
“We have also seen joint borrower sole proprietor options becoming very popular. These solutions come from a mortgage broker knowing the options available that best suit the needs of the overall scenario, and independent legal advice is then also encouraged as part of the process.”
Source: FT Adviser